Skin Cancer Type

Skin Cancer Types and Symptoms

Skin Cancer Types & Symptoms

Skin cancer has three main types – Basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma. Of these three, Basal cell carcinoma affects most patients while melanoma is the most dangerous as it spreads very fast. 


The most common skin cancer cases are Basal cell carcinomas, which are usually found on those parts of the body such as the neck and face that are exposed to the UV rays of the sun. 


Basal cell  skin cancer symptoms  normally appear as a shiny lump and generally grows very slowly; it doesn’t spread easily to other parts of the body but can damage the surrounding tissues and can therefore  damage parts of the body surrounding the area affected by cancerous growth. 


The causes of skin cancer are not just UV rays of the sun but many others.


 Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma, which is commonly known as rodent ulcer is the most common type of skin cancer accounting for around 80% of all cases of skin cancer. 

Detection of early-stage basal cell carcinoma can be very important in getting it treated effectively, with minimal scarring. At this stage, the disease affects the lower section of the epidermis or basal cell layer. 

Exposure to the ultraviolet (UV) rays of the sun is among the main basal cell carcinoma risk factors although tanning beds are also an important cause. 
People with light skin colour usually have very little pigment protection on their skin and are at high risk of getting damaged by UV radiation from the sun. 

There are several basal cell carcinoma symptoms and these could be an open sore, skin growth with dented centre and an elevated outline, a reddened area, a bump or lump, or an area that looks like a scar.

Among the types of basal cell carcinoma, the most common variant that accounts for about 6-8 cases out of every 10 is nodular basal cell carcinoma. The other variants of basal cell carcinoma are cystic, sclerodermiform, infiltrated, and micronodular among others. 

The most effective treatment of basal cell carcinoma is possible when it is detected at an early stage.